Which caste is highest in Nepal?
Chhetri is the largest caste/ethnic groups having 16.6% (4,398,053) of the total population followed by Brahman-Hill (12.2%; 3,226,903), Magar (7.1% ; 1,887,733), Tharu (6.6% ; 1,737,470), Tamang (5.8% ; 1,539,830), Newar (5% ; 1,321,933), Kami (4.8% ; 1,258,554), Musalman (4.4% ; 1,164,255), Yadav (4% ; 1,054,458) and …
Which caste is lowest in Nepal?
Dalits, formerly known as untouchables – are at the bottom of the ancient caste hierarchy linked to the Hindu faith and form more than 13% of Nepal’s population.
Which caste is royal in Nepal?
Richard Temple asserts that the some of the ruling dynasties of Nepal valley were of patrilineal “Aryan Rajput” descent and matrilineal aboriginal descent. He further contends that the royal house of Gorkha were such half-caste Rajputs. Thakuris who are regarded as ruling clans of Nepal are also referred to as Rajputs.
Which is highest caste in Newar?
Inside the castes
- Rājopādhyāya Brahmins are on top of the Hindu Newa social hierarchy. …
- Maithil Brahmins or colloquially Tirhute Brahmin with surnames Jhā and Miśra serve as temple priests and are later additions to the Newa nation, their population being slightly less than that of the Rajopadhyaya Brahmins.
Is Shrestha high-caste?
‘ “Shrestha” itself was later adopted as the specific family surname by members of this high-caste Hindu group, although there are over 50 other recognized surnames of Srēṣṭhas.
नेपालका धेरै जनसंख्या भएका जात || Largest Cast In Nepal | Major Ethic Group Of Nepal | Cast In Nepal
What caste is Shrestha?
Śrēṣṭha (Newar: श्रेष्ठ) is a Nepalese surname meaning “noble” or “great” in Sanskrit. Shrestha is one of the eponym surnames used by those belonging to the caste of Shresthas who prior to the unification of modern Nepal formed the ruling and administrative Kshatriya castes in the court of the Malla kings of Nepal.
Which is the oldest caste in Nepal?
The earliest detailed record of the caste system in Nepal has been found in Kathmandu Valley from the 5th century CE during the Licchavi period (400-750 CE) with mentions of the presence of Brahmans (Vedic priests) and Chandala (untouchables).
What caste is Gurung?
Nepal’s Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) includes the Gurung in the “Janajati” group. Janajatis are defined as indigenous groups Page 2 who have their own language and traditional culture, existing in Nepal before the Indo- Aryans brought with them the Hindu caste system.
Which caste is Joshi in Nepal?
Joshi (Devanagari: जोशी) is a surname used by the Brahmin (caste) in India and Nepal.
Which caste has highest population?
As of 2019, Other Backward Class (OBC) constituted the largest part of the Indian population accounting for more than 40 percent.
Which caste is Chhetri?
Chhetri belong to Hindu Kshatriya community based in Nepal but have roots in India. They are the warrior and ruler caste group, who speak Khasa Nepali. Chhetris have always dominated positions in Nepalese Army, police, government, administration, and an Indian Army regiment also.
Which caste is Chaudhary?
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Chaudhary (or Choudhary ; also: Chaudhuri, Choudhuary, Chowdhury) is an Indian hereditary title of honor, given to Ahirwar, Jats and Ghoti Kayasthas native to Haryana,Rajasthan,Uttar pradesh.
Is Chhetri a Brahmin?
Khas Chhetris were traditionally considered a division of the Khas people with Khas Brahmin (commonly called Khas Bahun). They make up 16.6% of Nepal’s population according to the 2011 Nepal census, making them the most populous caste or ethnic community in Nepal.
Which caste is Pahari in Nepal?
Pahadi brahmins are Brahmins migrated from India to Nepali territory. Before they were migrated to Nepal. After passing of several dynasties the brahmins entered the Nepal for purpose like worshiping for Khasa kings and serving for them in religious actions.
Is Tamang a high caste?
In the hills around the Kathmandu Valley, the Tamang are best described as a lower caste who work as tenant farmers, porters, and day laborers for the Pahari and Newar while retaining their Buddhist beliefs and practices.
What caste is Limbu?
Limbu, the second most numerous tribe of the indigenous people called Kiranti, living in Nepal, on the easternmost section of the Himalayas east of the Arun River, and in northern India, mostly in the states of Sikkim, West Bengal, and Assam. Altogether, the Limbu numbered some 380,000 in the early 21st century.
Is Tamang and Gurung same?
Their language, Tamang, comes from the Tamangic branch of the Tibeto-Burman language family and is closely related to Gurung. They follow the Chinese lunar calendar of the 12-year cycle. Colorful printed Buddhist mantra cloths are put up in various places in villages and towns.
Who divided caste in Nepal?
The Muluki Ain (Legal Code) of 1854, implemented by Jung Bahadur Rana, formally legalised the caste system by dividing Nepali society into a four-fold caste hierarchy as shown in Table 1.
Which caste is Kami?
The Kami are traditionally held to be the descendants of God or Lord Vishwakarma. They are one sub-caste from other Vishwakarma sub-caste to kami they have their own identity and occupation. The word kami may derive from the Sanskrit word karma or kam, meaning “work”.
Which caste is Vaidya in Nepal?
Vaidya is categorised as a Kshetriya or Chathariya clan, a high-caste group.
What caste is Malla?
The Malla dynasty (Nepali: मल्ल वंश) was the ruling Kshatriya dynasty of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal from 1201 to 1779. They were a Raghuvanshi dynasty who were seen as the descendants of the Licchavi dynasty.
Is Shakya lower caste?
Shakya caste is a Kshatriya dynasty of Suryavansha. It is in OBC list in UP, Bihar and MP. But in General category in rest of the Indian states. Very first thing to keep in mind is that “backward does not mean lower and general(forward) does not mean higher”.
How many caste are there in Newar?
Most of the Newar are Hindus, but some practice an Indian form of Buddhism. There are about 70 castes, Buddhist as well as Hindu, covering approximately the same spectrum as the caste system of India. The Newar have a wide range of occupations.