What is one of the functions of the communicable diseases Control?
The two main strategies for controlling outbreaks of communicable disease are to reduce the number of cases through preventive activities and to reduce mortality due to the disease through early case detection and effective treatment.
What is the goal of communicable disease prevention and control?
Preventing infection through teaching and prophylaxis (including immunization) Limiting the spread of infections by timely investigation and follow-up of notifiable CD incidents and putting protective measures in place. Providing epidemiologic data for reporting and public health response measures.
How can we control communicable diseases?
Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.
- #1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs.
- #2 Wash Hands Often.
- #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces.
- #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve.
- #5 Don’t Share Personal Items.
- #6 Get Vaccinated.
- #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals.
- #8 Stay Home When Sick.
Why is controlling communicable diseases important?
Because communicable diseases can have so much impact on the population, their surveillance and control is an important part of protecting the public’s health.
What is prevention and control of diseases?
In health care and public health practice settings, infection control includes various measures that prevent and contain the spread of infectious disease. These measures include: Hand Washing. Infection control standard, contact, droplet and airborne precautions.
What are principle of prevention of disease?
Principles of prevention of spread of communicable diseases. In order to prevent the spread of communicable diseases, the immunisation of persons shall be organised, medical examinations shall be carried out and other measures to ensure safety from infection shall be applied.
What is a communicable disease definition?
Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host.
What is a communicable disease?
Communicable diseases are illnesses that spread from one person to another or from an animal to a person. Some of the ways they may spread are through: direct contact with a sick person. breathing in airborne viruses and bacteria. contact with blood and other body fluids.
What are the control of disease?
The infectious diseases may be prevented in one of two general ways: (1) by preventing contact, and therefore transmission of infection, between the susceptible host and the source of infection and (2) by rendering the host unsusceptible, either by selective breeding or by induction of an effective artificial immunity.
Why is it important to prevent diseases?
Preventing disease through routine vaccination can improve both health and economic stability. “Increased investments on immunization in low- and middle-income countries could avert up to 36 million deaths and 24 million cases of impoverishment due to medical costs,” UNICEF reports.
Why is prevention so important?
Preventive care can drastically increase your lifespan because it allows you to catch things early and treat them much easier. For example, if you practice weight management and lose excess weight/keep that weight off, you will increase your lifespan and prevent serious diseases like type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
What is control of a disease?
Control of infectious diseases refers to the actions and programmes directed towards reducing disease incidence (new infections), reducing disease prevalence (infections in the community at any given point in time), or completely eradicating the disease.